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泰州治疗阳痿早泄哪家医院好泰州治男性不育Can a robot your emotions? Apple, Google, Facebook and other technology companies seem to think so. They are collectively spending billions of dollars to build emotion-ing devices that can interact meaningfully (and profitably) with humans using artificial intelligence.机器人能读懂你的情绪吗?苹果(Apple)、谷歌(Google)、Facebook等科技公司的似乎是肯定的。它们共斥资数十亿美元用于研发能读懂情绪的设备,让设备利用人工智能与人类进行有意义(并可带来利润)的互动。These companies are banking on a belief about emotions that has held sway for more than 100 years: smiles, scowls and other facial movements are worldwide expressions of certain emotions, built in from birth. But is that belief correct? Scientists have tested it across the world. They use photographs of posed faces (pouts, smiles), each accompanied by a list of emotion words (sad, surprised, happy and so on) and ask people to pick the word that best matches the face. Sometimes they tell people a story about an emotion and ask them to choose between posed faces.这些企业正寄望于一种流行了100多年的有关情绪的看法:微笑、愤怒和其他面部活动都是在表达某种情绪,这是与生俱来的,而且是全球相通的。但这种看法正确吗?科学家在全球各地进行了实验。他们利用面部动作的图片(噘嘴、微笑),每张图片的后面都列出一些描述情绪的词汇(悲伤、惊讶、高兴等等),然后要求实验对象选择与面部动作最匹配的词汇。有时,他们会讲述一个有关情绪的故事,然后让实验对象在不同的面部表情中做出选择。Westerners choose the expected word about 85 per cent of the time. The rate is lower in eastern cultures, but overall it is enough to claim that widened eyes, wrinkled noses and other facial movements are universal expressions of emotion. The studies have been so well replicated that universal emotions seem to be bulletproof scientific fact, like the law of gravity, which would be good news for robots and their creators.西方人大约有85%选择了预期词汇。东方人的得分较低,但总的来说,这足以说明眼睛睁大、皱鼻和其他面部动作都是全球通用的情绪表达方式。这些研究重复了多次,结果都一样,通用的情绪似乎成了刀不入的科学事实,就像重力法则一样,这对于机器人和他们的创造者来说是个好消息。But if you tweak these emotion-matching experiments slightly, the evidence for universal expressions dissolves. Simply remove the lists of emotion words, and let subjects label each photo or sound with any emotion word they know. In these experiments, US subjects identify the expected emotion in photos less than 50 per cent of the time. For subjects in remote cultures with little western contact, the results differ even more.然而,如果你稍微调整一下这些情绪匹配实验,表情具有普适性的据就消失了。如果去掉情绪词汇列表,让实验对象用他们知道的情绪词汇来描述图片或声音。在这些实验中,美国实验对象的正确率不到50%,对于与西方接触不多的遥远文化的实验对象而言,结果就更不同了。Overall, we found that these and other sorts of emotion-matching experiments, which have supplied the primary evidence for universal emotions, actually teach the expected answers to participants in a subtle way that escaped notice for decades — like an unintentional cheat sheet. In reality, you’re not “ing” faces and voices. The surrounding situation, which provides subtle cues, and your experiences in similar situations, are what allow you to see faces and voices as emotional.总的来说,我们发现,这些实验以及其他各种情绪匹配实验(提供了情绪具有普适性的主要据)以一种微妙的方式把预期的教给了实验参与者,而这是几十年来人们未曾注意到的——就像无意中的打小抄。在现实中,你并没有在“阅读”面部和声音。提供细微提示的周围环境以及你在类似情境下的经验,让你把面部活动和声音视为是情绪的表达。A knitted brow may mean someone is angry, but in other contexts it means they are thinking, or squinting in bright light. Your brain processes this so quickly that the other person’s face and voice seem to speak for themselves. A hypothetical emotion-ing robot would need tremendous knowledge and context to guess someone’s emotional experiences.双眉紧锁可能意味着一个人生气了,但在其他背景下,这可能意味着他们在思考问题或因为光照强烈而眯着眼。你的大脑处理速度很快,以至于别人的面部和声音似乎在表达一种情绪。假想中的能读懂情绪的机器人需要大量知识和背景来猜测一个人的情绪体验。So where did the idea of universal emotions come from? Most scientists point to Charles Darwin’s The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals (1872) for proof that facial expressions are universal products of natural selection. In fact, Darwin never made that claim. The myth was started in the 1920s by a psychologist, Floyd Allport, whose evolutionary spin job was attributed to Darwin, thus launching nearly a century of misguided beliefs.那么通用情绪的观点从何而来?多数科学家举出查尔斯?达尔文(Charles Darwin)1872年的著作《人与动物的情绪表达》(The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals)作为据,明面部表情是自然选择的通用产物。实际上,达尔文从未这么说过。这种说法源于上世纪20年代的心理学家弗洛伊德?奥尔波特(Floyd Allport),他的进化论解释工作被认为是出自达尔文,这致使错误的观点延续了近一个世纪。Will robots become sophisticated enough to take away jobs that require knowledge of feelings, such as a salesperson or a nurse? I think it’s unlikely any time soon. You can probably build a robot that could learn a person’s facial movements in context over a long time. It is far more difficult to generalise across all people in all cultures, even for simple head movements. People in some cultures shake their head side to side to mean “yes” or nod to mean “no”. Pity the robot that gets those movements backwards. Pity even more the human who depends on that robot.机器人会变得足够复杂以至于夺走需要理解情绪的工作吗?例如销售人员或护士。我认为,这不太可能很快出现。你或许可以制造一台能够在特定环境下经过长期学习从而理解人类面部表情的机器人。但把所有文化中所有人的面部表情概括出来就困难多了,即便是简单的头部动作。在一些文化中,摇头的意思是“是”,点头的意思是“不”。把这些动作搞反的机器人会很可怜。那些依赖这些机器人的人类就更可怜了。Nevertheless, tech companies are pursuing emotion-ing devices, despite the dubious scientific basis There is no universal expression of any emotion for a robot to detect Instead, variety is the norm.尽管如此,科技公司正寻求研发能读懂情绪的设备,尽管其科学基础可疑。任何情绪都没有通用的表达方式来供机器人识别,多样性才是常态。The writer is author of ‘How Emotions Are Made: The Secret Life of the Brain’本文作者著有《情绪如何产生:大脑的秘密生活》(How Emotions Are Made: The Secret Life of the Brain)一书 /201704/504939泰州哪个医院看早泄 Your morning routine may go as follows: have breakfast, brush teeth, shower, then head out to start your day. 早上起来,你可能会先吃个早饭,然后再刷牙、洗澡、出门开始新的一天。But there’s a hidden step in there you may not be aware of – polluting the ocean and endangering sea life while *contaminating the food chain.但是,你可能并没有意识到,你清晨的一个小习惯,正在污染着海洋,威胁着海洋生物的生存,甚至破坏着整个食物链。*Microbeads are *miniscule pieces of plastic omnipresent in our everyday cosmetics that you may have never paid much attention to up until now. 微珠是一些非常小的塑料碎片,它在我们每天都用的化妆品中无处不在。或许直到现在,你都没有注意到它的存在。From face *scrubs, *exfoliating shower gels and even toothpaste, there’s no escaping them.从脸部磨砂膏、去角质沐浴露、甚至是牙膏,到处都有它们的身影。But while they may help keep our skin and teeth looking good, many species of sea life are mistaking the tiny colorful balls for food, ending up with them in their *digestive systems.尽管它们让我们的皮肤和牙齿看起来很棒,但许多海洋生物却将这些微小的色颗粒误以为是食物并将其吞下,进入它们的消化系统。We find pieces of plastic in every sample of seawater we study from round the world, professor Tamara Galloway of Exeter University told the B.我们在世界各地的海水样本中都找到了这些塑料碎片,英国埃克塞特大学的塔玛拉#8226;加洛威教授向B表示。What makes this even more worrying is that plastic is known to be excellent at absorbing toxic pollutants in water – such as motor oil or *pesticides – and it’s thought that these toxins could be making their way up the food chain and eventually onto our plates.更加令人担忧的是,我们都知道,塑料十分易于吸收水中的有毒污染物——如机油和杀虫剂等——而有人认为这些毒素可以因此进入食物链,最终出现在我们的餐桌上。An average plate of oysters could contain up to 50 plastic particles. 平均一盘牡蛎可能就含有50个塑料颗粒。We don’t have any evidence yet for the harm this might cause but most people would probably prefer not to be eating microbeads with their food, Galloway explains.尽管目前为止没有据表明这些颗粒会对人体有害,但大多数人都不会选择食用含有微珠的食物,加洛威解释道。A number of countries have announced they will ban microbeads, including the UK and the US, but campaigners say that more still needs to be done to completely rid Earth of the tiny grains of plastic for good.包括英国和美国在内的一些国家已经宣布将禁用微珠。但倡议者们认为,要想让这些塑料颗粒在地球上完全消失,还有许多工作要做。There’s a load of products containing microbeads – like washing detergents and other household products – which might not be banned. 市面上有大量包含微珠的产品——如清洁剂和其他的家用产品——并不会被禁用。That makes no sense to us, Fiona Nicholls of Greenpeace UK writes on its website.这对我们而言便毫无意义,来自英国非政府组织绿色和平的菲奥娜#8226;尼科尔斯在网站上写道。After all, what does a hungry fish care if the microplastic clogging its gut has come from a face scrub or a washing powder?毕竟,又有哪条饥肠辘辘的鱼会在意,这些堵塞它们肠道的微塑料,是来自于面部磨砂膏,还是洗衣粉呢?There are still safe ways to dispose of microbead-containing products, for people who decide they don’t want to use them any more.对于决心不再使用含微珠产品的人们来说,也有一些安全的处理方法。Natural substitutes纯天然的替代品Several websites recommend squeezing the offending product into the trash, rather than down the sink, before cleaning out the container with disposable tissue and placing it in the recycling bin.一些网站建议,在使用一次性纸巾彻底清理这些产品容器,并将它们放入回收垃圾桶前,不如将里面这些惹人厌的内容物都挤入垃圾桶中,而不是直接倒入水槽里。And for those who still want to enjoy the benefits of exfoliating, they still can. 当然,还有别的方法能够帮助人们去除身上多余角质。There are several natural substitutes that are said to work in the exact same way as their plastic counterparts, except these will *biodegrade when flushed down the drain.好几种天然替代品都具有和塑料微珠相同的功效,在冲入下水道后,这些物质还都能被降解。There are many ingredients that can be used as an alternative. There’s *jojoba beads, *cocoa, raspberry seeds, rice flour, oats – to name but a few, says Sonia White of British cosmetics firm Love Lula.许多原料都能用作替代品,如荷荷巴油珠、可可粉、树莓籽、米粉、燕麦等等,来自英国化妆品公司Love Lula的索尼亚#8226;怀特介绍道。There is absolutely no cosmetic ingredient that is worth using if it has a negative effect on the environment and animals.如果一种化妆品原料会对环境和动物产生不利影响,那么它便没有使用价值。 /201609/468710A third Saturn moon may have a subsurface ocean with potential for life, researchers say.研究人员日前表示,第三颗土星卫星可能存在表面深层海洋及潜在生命形式。Using gravity data from the Cassini probe, researchers at the Royal Observatory of Belgium say Dione joins Titan and Enceladus as Saturn moons likely having subsurface oceans.比利时皇家天文台的研究人员表示,卡西尼探测器的最新引力数据表明,和土卫六以及土卫二一样,土卫四的表面之下也有一个巨大海洋。Researchers say Dione#39;s ocean is likely 100 kilometers beneath the surface, ;several tens of kilometers deep; and surrounds a rocky core.研究人员认为,土卫四表层之下100千米处的这一巨大海洋深度足有数十千米,周围包裹着岩石。Unlike Enceladus, which has geysers of water that spurt from the southern polar region, Dione appears ;quiet; now, but researchers say it likely had a more active past.和曾经在南极区域向太空喷射巨大水蒸汽流的土卫二不一样,土卫四相对;安静;,但是研究人员认为它的表面远古时期活动性更强。Enceladus#39; ocean, according to researchers, is likely much closer to the surface, particularly in the southern polar regions where the icy crust might be only a few kilometers thick.研究人员表示,土卫二的海洋比土卫四更接近表面,特别是在冰壳只有数千米厚的南极地区。One way Enceladus#39; ocean was discovered was by observing ;large back-and-forth oscillations, called libration.; If the libration was smaller on the moon, it would likely mean the crust was thicker.当时卡西尼探测器观测到土卫二出现较大的前后振动,该现象叫做;天平动;,从而检测到了海洋。如果土卫二天平动幅度更小,那么这意味着其地壳更厚。;Like Enceladus, Dione librates but below the detection level of Cassini,; said Antony Trinh, co-author of the new study. ;A future orbiter hopping around Saturn#39;s moons could test this prediction.;;像土卫二一样,土卫四也存在天平动,但是其振动幅度低于卡西尼探测器的探测等级。;研究报告联合作者安东尼·郑如是说,;未来探测器将在土星卫星周围环绕,来测试我们的预测。;Dione#39;s ocean has likely been there since the moon formed, researchers said, adding that it could be host to microbial life.研究人员认为,土卫四的海洋自卫星形成以来就存在了,这为微生物提供了的宜居环境。;The contact between the ocean and the rocky core is crucial,; said Attilio Rivoldini, co-author of the study. ;Rock-water interactions provide key nutrients and a source of energy, both being essential ingredients for life.;;海洋和岩石内核之间的接触是至关重要的。;研究报告联合作者阿蒂利奥·利沃尔迪尼说道。;岩石和水之间的交互反应提供了关键的营养物质和能量源,以上是育生命的必要元素。; /201610/471140"泰州包皮手术多少钱

泰州市哪家医院做包皮手术好泰州哪家医院治男性疾病好的 美国公司新推发光文胸 光生活由此开始Brighten up your life with a braBra that lights up.Add a spark to your day -- and nights -- with lingerie that lights up.A U.S. firm is selling bras and camisolestrimmed withcolourful light-emitting diodes (LEDs), as well as sequins and feathers, that literally put your breast in the spotlight."Light-up bras make a popular addition to any outfit, and will definitely bring you attention," the company, Enlighted, says on its Web site (www.enlighted.com).The California-based company custom-makes lingerie, including hot pink bras trimmed in marabou and lights and "wearable art" bras that have LEDs and sequins arranged in geometric patterns. It also puts LEDs on clothes, shoes and hats.Enlighted says the clothing is safe and comfortable, despite all the wiring and the battery needed to power the lights."Our electronics are lightweight, flexible and concealed within fabric linings. Seriously, you'd forget about the lights if you didn't have so many people staring at you!" it said. 让发光内衣来点亮你的生活吧!一家美国公司目前正在出售镶有五颜六色的发光二极管、亮片和羽毛等饰品的胸罩和贴身背心。穿上这样的内衣一定会让你的胸部成为众人关注的焦点。这家名叫Enlighted的公司在其网站(www.enlighted.com)上说:“发光文胸可以为你的任何衣着增添流行色,而且一定会让你成为众人目光的焦点。”这家位于加利福尼亚的公司专门为顾客订做内衣,其中包括用鹳毛和灯光饰边的性感粉红文胸,以及把发光二极管和亮片排成几何图案的所谓的“可穿的艺术”文胸。此外,公司还将发光二极管安装在衣、鞋和帽子上作为装饰。Enlighted公司称,尽管内衣里安有电线和电池,但这些内衣都是既安全又舒适。Enlighted公司说:“我们所用的电子产品都很轻、韧性好,而且藏在里料中。说真的,如果不是那么多人盯着你,你几乎都会忘记灯光的存在!”Vocabulary: be trimmed with :用…装饰 /200803/32939泰州泌尿哪个医院好

泰州有哪些医院做睾丸活检Regulators are investigating stealth banner ads for online gambling that show up only at night on Chinese search engine Baidu, in the second advertising scandal this year to engulf China’s alternative to Google.监管部门正在调查只有晚上才会在中国搜索引擎百度(Baidu)上出现的有关在线的神秘横幅广告。这是今年席卷这家中国版谷歌(Google)的第二起广告丑闻。The Beijing News alleged online gambling sites would register corporate accounts on Baidu through third-party advertising agencies, spoofing real companies that did not hold accounts with the search engine. They would then post ads that would appear only at night.《新京报》(The Beijing News)称,在线网站会通过第三方广告公司在百度上注册企业账号,伪装成从未在百度注册账户的真实公司。之后,它们会投放只在夜间出现的广告。The Cyber Administration of China said it would investigate the matter and publish its findings “in due course”. In May, regulators vowed to crack down on misleading medical advertisements, in a case also involving Baidu.中国国家互联网信息办公室(“网信办”)称,将对此事进行调查并“在适当的时侯”公布调查结果。5月,监管部门曾誓言打击具有误导性的医疗广告,该案件也涉及百度。Baidu, which said it had reported the latest case to police, acknowledged loopholes in its systems. “Baidu’s anti-cheating system still has deficiencies. As a next step, we will strengthen the accuracy and coverage of the system and combat illegal information with full force,” executive marketing director Gu Guodong told a press conference this week.百度称已经将此事报警,并承认其系统存在漏洞。“百度在反作弊体系中仍存在不完善之处,下一步,我们将进一步加强识别体系的识别精度和覆盖度,全力打击处理非法内容,”百度大市场体系执行总监顾国栋本周在记者会上表示。It has been a difficult week for the company, which also faces US shareholders’ displeasure at a proposed buyout of its online portal by its founder Robin Li.本周对百度来说是艰难的一周,同时还在其创始人李彦宏(Robin Li)提出收购其在线视频门户网站一事上,面对美国股东的不满。New York-based investment firm Acacia Partners, which owns just less than 1 per cent of the Nasdaq-listed company, has written to Mr Li, who is chairman and chief executive of Baidu. Its letter says his proposed .8bn purchase of the group’s 80 per cent stake in iQiyi would be “against the best long-term interest of Baidu and its shareholders” and “a grave mistake”.纽约投资公司Acacia Partners持有这家纳斯达克上市企业略低于1%的股份。该公司致函百度董事长兼首席执行官李彦宏,称他提出的以28亿美元收购百度在爱奇艺(iQiyi)所持80%股份“不符合百度及其股东的最佳长期利益”,并且是“一个严重错误”。Baidu has come under pressure as customers switch away from personal computers to smartphones, increasingly accessing the internet through mobile devices and social networking apps rather than search engines. It has been selling off some investments in the fast-growing but lossmaking online travel and online sectors. In February, Mr Li made a non-binding offer for iQiyi. At the time, Baidu said it had set up a committee made up of three independent directors to assess the proposal, which valued the internet site at about .8bn.随着消费者从个人电脑转向智能手机,人们开始越来越多地从移动设备和社交网络App(而非使用搜索引擎)使用互联网,百度日益承受压力。它近来出售了在快速增长但往往亏损的在线旅游和在线视频板块的一些投资。2月,李彦宏发出对爱奇艺的非约束性要约。当时,百度称已经成立了一个由3名独立董事组成的委员会对该要约进行评估。该提议对这家互联网视频网站的估值约为28亿美元。In April, Baidu came under fire for the placement of ads linked to a network of hospitals.4月,百度因投放与一家医院体系有关的广告而受到抨击。 /201607/455664 出门行路,一定要注意交通安全。不论是司机也好,行人也好,大家都希望“高高兴兴上班去,平平安安回家来”。今天,我们就来看看美国的一些交通规则,除了一些细枝末节外,其实和国内的交规差不太多。1. Always buckle up. 永远系好安全带。Buckle up指的是把安全带系好,还可以说fasten the seatbelt. 一般来讲,各个州都要求司机和司机副座上的乘客系安全带,不过现在很多州更为严格,要求普通轿车的所有乘客都要系安全带,否则被发现就要受处罚。记得我曾看过一个公益广告,警察出来说:“If you don’t buckle up, you’d better listen up.” 意思就是“如果你不系安全带,那么你最好听清楚了。” Listen up这个词组在口语里也很常用,它被用来提醒大家的注意,就是“听好了!”的意思。例如老师要宣布一件很重要的事情,但是班上乱哄哄的,老师就会说:“Listen up!”。  2. Put your children in back! 把您的孩子放在后座上!美国法律规定,12岁以及12岁以下的儿童一律要坐在后座上,而且4岁以下的婴幼儿要使用特殊的座位装置(我们在谈论车子的文章里,曾经提到过)。这是因为,儿童的骨质比较柔软,遇到危险紧急刹车,容易受到更大的冲击。  3. Never drunk drive! 决不酒后驾驶!美国的醉酒问题很严重,酒后开车出的事故也比其他原因的事故多。据说,每五个美国人中,有三个在他的一生中,都会遇到酒后开车的大大小小的事故(这可是我交规笔试的一道题)。各州对于酒后驾驶的处罚也非常严厉,除了罚款,扣分,试情形还要坐牢。你可能还会听说DUI Law,也就是Driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol,这条法规禁止在使用毒品,造成神志不清醒的药物和酒精的情况下开车,抓到了,处罚也非常严厉。很多美国人有去酒吧喝酒聊天的习惯,所以交通部门建议最好有一个人保持清醒以便驾驶。另外,如果真的喝多了,有些酒吧也会免费提供出租车送你回家。   4. You always have to stop at a stop sign. 在停车标志前,你永远要停。Stop sign,停车标志,通常在比较小的路口出现,它起到了红绿灯的作用。这些路口因为比较小,车辆来往少,所以没有必要设置红绿灯,但是为了安全起见,车子开到路口,停一下,看看十字路口有没有行人车辆,再继续行驶。如果有,那么一定是先让行人,车辆就本着先来后到的原则了。   5. In a crosswalk, pedestrians have the right of way. 在过街人行道上,行人有先行权。这当然不是说,这边绿灯了,行人还要通过。基本在各个十字路口,都有指示行人的红绿灯,行人也都按照这个红绿灯的指示行动。有时候,由于行人比较少,这种红绿灯不是次次都变绿。因此,当你要过马路的时候,会发现路边的柱子上有一个按钮,按一下,控制中心就知道有人要过马路,过一会儿绿灯就会亮。如果你开车过十字路口,有行人过马路,无论何种情况,行人都有先行权,这在美国是起码的常识,也是一个讲文明公民的标志。 /200803/28472做包皮手术泰州哪里最好?泰州中年人阳痿早泄

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