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2018年11月16日 18:29:34    日报  参与评论()人

泰来县妇科医院哈尔滨市立医院陈医生I had one of those dreams when I was 23.我23岁的时候,就做过一个那样的梦。When I suddenly woke up,我猛然惊醒,I was thinking: What if we could download the whole web, and just keep the links?想着:如果我们能把整个网络下载下来,但仅保存链接会怎样?And I grabbed a pen andstarted writing!然后我抓起一笔写了起来。Sometimes it’s important to wake up and stop dreaming.有时候别做梦,及时醒来是非常重要的。I spent the middle of that night scribbling out the details and convincing myself it would work.我花了一个午夜描画出细节,并确信那是可以做得到的。Soon after, I told my advisor, Terry Winograd,不久后,我告诉我的导师特里·温诺格拉德it would take a couple of weeks for me to download the web那要花几周时间来下载整个网络——he nodded knowingly, fully aware it would take much longer but wise enough not to tell me.他只是会意地点点头,他完全知道要花的时间其实长得多,但他很睿智,并没有告诉我。The optimism of youth is often underrated!年轻人的乐观精神通常不可低估!Amazingly, at that time, I have no thoughts of building a search engine.令人惊讶的是,我当时没有想过要造一个搜索引擎。The idea wasn’t even on the radar.这一概念甚至没有进入我脑海。But, much later we happened upon a better way of ranking and we made a really great search engine,但很久以后,我们突然找到更好排列网页的方法,并造出一个非常好的搜索引擎and Google was born.谷歌就这样诞生了。When a really great dream shows up, grab it!当伟大的梦想闪现时,抓住它吧!When I was here at Michigan, I had actually been taught how to make dreams real!我在密歇根大学上学时,其实就学过如何实现梦想。I know it sounds funny,我知道这听起来很可笑,but that is what I learned in a summer camp converted into a training program called Leadershape.但那是我从一个由夏令营转化而来的名为“塑造领袖”的培训项目中学到的。Their slogan is to; have a healthy disregard for the impossible”.该项目的口号就是“理性地藐视不可能”。That program encouraged me to pursue a crazy idea at the time:那个项目激励着我追寻那时一个疯狂的想法:I wanted to build a personal rapid transit system on campus to replace the buses.我想在校园内建立一套个人快速交通系统以代替公交。Youre still working on that I heard.听说你们正在考虑这个?It was a futuristic way of solving our transportation problem.这是未来解决交通问题的方式。I still think a lot about transportation—you never loose a dream, it just incubates as a hobby.我直到现在还在思考很多有关交通的问题—你永不要放走梦想,而要把它当作一种习惯去培育。Many things people labor hard to do now,现在人们花很大力气干的很多事情,like cooking, cleaning, and driving will require much less human time in the future.如做饭、清洁、驾驶,以后只会占用人们更少的时间。That is, if we “have a healthy disregard for the impossible” and actually build the solutions.也就是说,如果我们“理性地藐视不可能”,并确实找到新的解决方案的话。201308/252037哈尔滨怀孕早期打胎 In so doing, I reached a frontier of biology so strange, so rich,that it seemed as though it exists on another planet. 通过这样的方式,我来到一个非常古怪却又非常丰富的生物学领域,简直就像降临到别的星球一样。In fact, we live on a mostly unexplored planet.事实上,我们就生活在一个很多地方皆未被研究的星球上。The great majority of organisms on Earth remain unknown to science.科学家对于地球上大多数的有机体都是一无所知的。In the last 30 years, thanks to explorations in remote parts of the world and advances in technology,biologists have, for example, added a full one-third of the known frog and other amphibian species,to bring the current total to 5,400,and more continue to pour in. 过去30年,人们去到了一些较为边缘的地区,也得益于科技的进步,生物学家使已知的青蛙以及两栖类物种数增加了三分之一,现在,两栖类生物物种总数为5400种,并且还不断有新的物种被发现。Two new kinds of whales have been discovered, along with two new antelopes,dozens of monkey species and a new kind of elephant and even a distinct kind of gorilla. 也发现了两种新的鲸鱼种类,以及两种新的羚羊,还有几十个猴子的种类以及一种新的大象种类,甚至还有一种新发现的大猩猩!At the extreme opposite end of the size scale, the class of marine bacteria,the Prochlorococci -- that will be on the final exam,although discovered only in 1988, are now recognized as likely the most abundant organisms on Earth,and moreover, responsible for a large part of the photosynthesis that occurs in the ocean. 而在生物体体型大小的另一端,我们发现了新的海洋细菌,原绿球藻,也许在你的期末考试出现过,虽说是1988年发现的,现在则被认为是地球上最繁盛的生物,这一生物为海洋里头发生的光合作用起到了很大的推动作用。These bacteria were not uncovered sooner,because they are also among the smallest of all Earths organisms so minute that they cannot be seen with conventional optical microscopy.我们没能在更早的时候发现这些细菌,是因为它们也是地球上体型最小的生物之一,你用普通的光学仪器是难以看得到它们的。Yet life in the sea may depend on these tiny creatures.但海底的生物却必须依赖它们才能生存。These examples are just the first glimpse of our ignorance of life on this planet.这些都不过是一些例子,显示出我们对于地球上的生物是多么无知。Consider the fungi -- including mushrooms, rusts, molds and many disease-causing organisms.再看看真菌,包括蘑菇、锈菌、霉菌以及其他携带病原体的真菌60,000 species are known to science,我们知道有6万种的真菌,but more than 1.5 million have been estimated to exist.但科学家估计,事实上有150万真菌存活于地球上。Consider the nematode roundworm, the most abundant of all animals.再看看线虫,它们是所有动物家族当中最为繁盛的。Four out of five animals on Earth are nematode worms if all solid materials except nematode worms were to be eliminated,you could still see the ghostly outline of most of it in nematode worms.地球上80%的动物都是线虫,假如地球上除了线虫以外所有的固态物质都消失,你还是可以从线虫身上看出曾经的地球痕迹。About 16,000 species of nematode worms have been discovered and diagnosed by scientists;there could be hundreds of thousands of them, even millions, still unknown.大约16000种线虫动物,已经被科学家发现并进行研究;而事实上,也许有数以千计甚至是数以百万计的我们还未曾知道。This vast domain of hidden biodiversity is increased still further by the dark matter of the biological world of bacteria,which within just the last several years still were known from only about 6,000 species of bacteria worldwide.还有另外一个生物群体,它们通常不被关注,但其蕴含的生物多样性却更多,单单是过去的几年,世界范围内就发现了6000例新的细菌物种。But that number of bacteria species can be found in one gram of soil,just a little handful of soil, in the 10 billion bacteria that would be there.在一克的泥土里,就可以找出这一数目的细菌出来,一剖泥土,里面就有一百亿的细菌。Its been estimated that a single ton of soil-fertile soil contains approximately four million species of bacteria, all unknown.有人估计,单单是一吨沃土当中就包含了近四百万种的细菌,并且我们对这些细菌一无所知。So the question is: what are they all doing?所以,我们要问:那些家伙到底在干嘛?The fact is, we dont know.是:我们根本不知道。201504/367395I want to spend just a moment talking about我想只花一点点时间来谈论the model that weve developed, which allows us to start at the top我们所发展而来的那个模型,那个允许我们从高处开始的模型and look at the drivers of sound, analyze the soundscape看一下那司机的声音,分析下声音的范围,and then predict the four outcomes Ive just talked about.然后预测一下我刚才所说的四种结果。Or start at the bottom,或者按下按钮,and say what outcomes do we want,并说说我们希望怎样的结果,and then design a soundscape to have a desired effect.然后设计一个产生效果的声音范围At last weve got some science we can apply.最终我们得到了我们可以应用的一些科学。And were in the business of designing soundscapes.我们在设计声音范围的一场生意中。Just a word on music. Music is the most powerful sound there is,关于音乐就说一句。音乐是最有威力的一种声音often inappropriately deployed.但它经常被错误地利用。Its powerful for two reasons. You recognize it fast,因为有两个原因使其强大。首先你很快认出了它and you associate it very powerfully.然后你展开了疯狂的联想。Ill give you two examples.我来给你两个例子Most of you recognize that immediately.你们中大多数的人马上就认出了这调The younger, maybe not.年轻人,也许没有认出吧And most of you associate that with something!大多数人会联系到什么吧!Now, those are one-second samples of music.现在,这些都是一秒的音乐的样品。Music is very powerful. And unfortunately音乐很强大。但是不幸的是its veneering commercial spaces, often inappropriately.音乐总是为一些用来装饰那些不适合的商业场合。I hope thats going to change over the next few years.我希望在未来几年有些变化Let me just talk about brands for a moment,让我们先谈论一会儿商标品牌,because some of you run brands. Every brand is out there因为你们中有些事经营品牌企业的。所有的品牌如今making sound right now.都要有自己的主题音乐。There are eight expressions of a brand in sound.在品牌声音中有8种表现方式。They are all important. And every brand needs to have guidelines at the center.他们都很重要。并且所有的品牌都需要把自己的准则放在中心地位。Im glad to say that is starting to happen now.我很高兴地表示现在这一切就要发生了。You all recognize that one. This is the你们都认得出那个声音。这个是most-played tune in the world today.如今世界上被播放最多的调子了。1.8 billion times a day, that tune is played.这个铃声每天被播放18亿次。And it cost Nokia absolutely nothing.并且对于诺基亚而言他们什么也没花什么钱。Just leave you with four golden rules, for those of you who run businesses,这就给你们这些经商的人留下了四条黄金法则,for commercial sound.关于商业音调。First, make it congruent,首先,有一致性,pointing in the same direction as your visual communication.和你们的视觉画面要达到相同方向的沟通效果That increases impact by over 1,100 percent.这大概能增加百分之1100的影响力。If your sound is pointing the opposite direction, incongruent,如果你那声音和画面不一致,指向相反方向,you reduce impact by 86 percent.你会减少百分之86的魅力Thats an order of magnitude, up or down.那是上下数量级的差别啊This is important.这非常重要Secondly, make it appropriate to the situation.其二 ,将其变得适合场景Thirdly, make it valuable. Give people something with the sound.第三,使其有用。给人们一些除了声音之外的东西Dont just bombard them with stuff.不要仅仅用声音来砌合事物And, finally, test and test it again.最后,反复反复的测试Sound is complex. There are many countervailing influences.声音很复杂。有许多抵消的作用。It can be a bit like a bowl of spaghetti:就如一大碗通心粉:sometimes you just have to eat it and see what happens.有时候你得吃了它才知道会发生什么。So I hope this talk has raised sound in your consciousness.所以我希望这个关于声音的演讲可以提升你的意识If youre listening consciously,如果你用心听,you can take control of the sound around you.你可以控制自己周围的声音Its good for your health. Its good for your productivity.这对你的身体有好处。这对你的效率也有好处。If we all do that we move to a state如果我们都那么做,我们就进入了that I like to think will be sound living in the world.一个在世上听上去存在的境界Im going to leave you with a little bit more birdsong.我会给你们留下更多的一些些鸟鸣之歌。I recommend at least five minutes a day, but there is no maximum dose.我推荐你们每天至少听5分钟,但是没有上限Thank you for lending me your ears today.谢谢你们今天借给了我你们的耳朵。201504/367731哈尔滨市看妇科病医院哪里好

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