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2019年01月19日 10:31:27 | 作者:飞度管家三甲医院 | 来源:新华社
摘要:社会学家Gerald Mollenhorst研究了我们遇到朋友的环境是如何影响我们的社交网络。他其中的结论之一是:每隔7年你要失掉大约一半关系紧密的社交好友。Had a good chat with someone recently? Has a good friend just helped you to do up your home? Then you will be lucky if that person still does that in seven years time. Sociologist Gerald Mollenhorst investigated how the context in which we meet people influences our social network. One of his conclusions: you lose about half of your close network members every seven years. Half Of Your Friends Lost In Seven Years, Social Network Study Finds You are stuck with your family but you can choose your friends. Really? For years sociologists have argued to what extent personal networks are the result of your own preferences or the context in which you can meet someone. Would your best friend have been your best friend if you had not been in the same class for three years? And if you had not got to know your wife via mutual friends but in a dodgy bar then would she still have become and remained your wife? In order to answer such questions, Mollenhorst conducted a survey under 1007 people aged between 18 and 65 years. Seven years later the respondents were contacted once again and 604 people were reinterviewed. They answered questions such as: Who do you talk with, regarding important personal issues? Who helps you with DIY in your home? Who do you pop by to see? Where did you get to know that person? And where do you meet that person now? Limited in your choices Mollenhorst investigated, for example, whether the social context in which contacts are made influences the degree of similarity between partners, friends and acquaintances. It was expected that the influence of social contexts on similarity in relationships would be stronger for weak relationships than for strong ones. After all, you are less fussy about your choice of acquaintances than your choice of partner. In relationships with partners, Mollenhorst indeed found more similarity than in relationships with friends. Yet interestingly, the influence of the social context on similarity did not differ between partners, friends and acquaintances. This reveals how strongly opportunities to meet influence the social composition of personal networks. With his research Mollenhorst has confirmed that personal networks are not formed solely on the basis of personal choices. These choices are limited by opportunities to meet. Another strong indication for this came from the fact that people often choose friends from a context in which they have previously chosen a friend. Moreover, the extent to which our friends know each other strongly depends on the context in which people meet each other. Individualism Many sociologists assume that our society is becoming increasingly individualistic. For example, it is held that we strictly separate work, clubs and friends. Mollenhorst established, however, that public contexts such as work or the neighbourhood and private contexts frequently overlap each other. Furthermore, Mollenhorst's research reveals that networks are not shrinking, whereas American research reveals such a decline. Over a period of seven years the average size of personal networks was found to be strikingly stable. However, during the course of seven years we replace many members of our network with other people. Only thirty percent of the discussion partners and practical helpers still held the same position seven years later. Only 48 percent were still part of the network. Therefore value the friends you have. As long as you have them that is. /200906/73257Men are spending more and more time in the kitchen encouraged by celebrity chefs like Gordon Ramsay and Jamie Oliver, according to a report from Oxford University.The effect of the celebrity role models, who have given cookery a more macho image, has combined with a more general drive towards sexual equality, to mean men now spend more than twice the amount of time preparing meals than they did in 1961.According to research by Prof Jonatahn Gershuny, who runs the Centre for Time Research at Oxford, men now spend more than half an hour a day cooking, up from just 12 minutes a day in 1961.Prof Gershuny said: "The man in the kitchen is part of a much wider social trend. There has been 40 years of gender equality, but there is another 40 years probably to come."Women, who a generation ago spent a fraction under two hours a day cooking, now spend just one hour and seven minutes – a dramatic fall, but they still spend far more time at the hob than men.Some commentators have dubbed the emergence of men in aprons as "Gastrosexuals", who have been inspired to pick up a spatula by the success of Ramsay, Oliver as well as other male celebrity chefs such as Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall, Marco Pierre White and Keith Floyd."I was married in 1974. When my father came to visit me a few weeks later I was wearing an apron when I opened the door. He laughed," said Prof Gershuny"That would never happen now."The report, commissioned by frozen food company Birds Eye, also makes clear that the family meal is limping on in far better health than some have suggested, thanks in part to a resurgence in cooking from scratch by some consumers.Two-thirds of adults claim that they come together to share at least three times a week, even if it is not necessarily around a kitchen or dining room table.Anne Murphy, general manager at Birds Eye, said: "The evening meal is still clearly central to family life and with some saying family time is on the increase and the appearance of a more frugal consumer, we think the return to traditionalism will continue as a trend.”However, Prof Gershuny pointed out that the family meal was now rarely eaten by all of its members around a table – with many "family meals" in fact taken on the sofa in the sitting room, and shared by disparate members of the family."The family meal has changed very substantially, and few of us eat – as I did when I was a child – at least two meals a day together as a family. But it has survived in a different format." /200908/82032Opening a new era in private space flight, the US company SpaceX on Tuesday became the first commercial outfit to launch its own craft toward the International Space Station.本周二,美国SpaceX公司成为首个向国际空间站发射自己的飞船的商业组织,开启了私营太空飞行的新纪元。The test flight of the Dragon space capsule, which launched atop SpaceX#39;s Falcon 9 rocket at 3:44 am (0744 GMT), aims to show that industry can restore US access to the ISS after NASA retired its space shuttle fleet last year.进行试飞的“龙”飞船于当地时间凌晨3点44分(格林尼治标准时间7点44分)搭乘SpaceX公司的猎鹰9号火箭起飞。此次试飞是为了显示企业有能力恢复美国和国际空间站的联系。美国宇航局的航天飞机已于去年退役。The mission is set to include a fly-by and berthing with the station in the next three days, before the capsule returns to Earth at the end of this month.这次飞行任务将包括飞近国际空间站并在空间站停泊三天,然后在本月底返回地球。Shortly after liftoff, the cargo-carrying spacecraft entered orbit and live images showed mission control staff at SpaceX headquarters in Hawthorne, California jumping from their seats, hugging and clapping.在飞船起飞后不久,这架载重飞船就进入了轨道。据实时录像显示,加州霍桑市SpaceX总部的任务监控人员从椅子上跳起来,相互拥抱、鼓掌。SpaceX chief executive officer and Internet entrepreneur Elon Musk said watching the rocket rise from the launch pad was an ;extremely intense moment.;SpaceX公司的首席执行官、网络企业家艾龙#8226;马斯克说,观看火箭从发射台升空是“万分紧张的一刻”。;Every bit of adrenaline in my body released at that point,; he told reporters after the flawless launch, which followed an attempt on Saturday that was scrubbed at the last second when computers detected high pressure in the central engine of the Falcon 9.在发射完美结束后,他告诉记者说:“在那一刻我身体里的每一滴肾上腺素都释放出来了。”上周六也进行过一次尝试,但在最后一刻计算机检测出猎鹰9号火箭的中置发动机压力过高,于是取消了发射计划。SpaceX engineers discovered the root cause was a faulty check valve and repaired it the same day.SpaceX公司的工程师们发现,问题根源是止回阀出了毛病,他们当天便将其修好了。No humans are traveling aboard the Dragon, but six astronauts are aly at the 0-billion space lab to help the capsule latch on, to unload supplies and then restock the capsule with cargo to take back to Earth.没有人乘坐“龙”飞船出行,但造价达1000亿美元的太空实验室中已经有六名宇航员,他们会帮忙接收飞船、卸下供给物,并将要带回地球的东西装进太空船。Also aboard were the ashes of hundreds of space enthusiasts including James Doohan who played ;Scotty; on Star Trek, according to TrekNews.net, a go-to source for fans of the cult series.据TrekNews.net网站称,在太空船上的还有数百名太空迷的骨灰,包括在电影《星际迷航》中扮演Scotty的詹姆斯#8226;杜汉。这个网站是《星级迷航》系列影迷们必去的网站。;Dad, may the stars rise to meet you,; tweeted Doohan#39;s son Chris. ;May the solar wind always be at your back.;杜汉的儿子克里斯在推特微上写道:“老爸,希望星星会升起来和你相遇;希望太阳风总是在你身后。”SpaceX, owned by 40-year-old Musk, a billionaire who also co-founded PayPal, is the first of several US competitors to try sending spacecraft to the ISS with the goal of restoring US access to space for human travelers by 2015.SpaceX公司的所有者是现年40岁的亿万富翁马斯克,他还是国际贸易付工具PayPal的共同创始人。SpaceX公司是几个竞争者中首个发送飞船到国际空间站的公司,目标是恢复美国和太空的联系,并力图在2015年前实现载人飞行。;We are really at the dawn of a new era of space exploration, one where there is a much bigger role for commercial space companies,; Musk said, likening the space effort to the expansion of the Internet in the mid 1990s.马斯克将这一太空成就比作20世纪90年代中期的网络扩张,他说:“我们真实见了太空探索新纪元的开端,这是商业太空公司可以大有所为的时代。” /201205/183527We all have those days when all we want is to crawl back in bed for a few more hours. Unfortunately, few of us have that luxury. The following hints may help you stay energized, or at least get you going until you can make the time for rest。  我们都有过什么也不想,只想好好地在床上多呆几个小时的日子。不幸的是,很少人可以享受这份奢侈。 下面几点提示或者可以帮你保持精力充沛,至少可以让你在找到时间休息之前继续下去。  1. Engage in a quick conversation with a high-energy colleague. Their positive energy may refresh you. (Just be careful not to drag them down!)  与精力充沛的同事进行短暂的交谈。他们积极的干劲会让你精神爽快。(只是要小心不要也把他们拖下水)  2. Snack more! Having a healthy snack on hand, like a granola bar or fruit can help your blood sugar levels and may provide a healthy boost of energy. (Overeating will do the opposite and drag you down!) Moderation is key!  多吃东西。健康的食品如格兰诺拉燕麦卷或水果可以帮助你提高血液里血糖含量,为你提供健康的能量。(吃得过度会得到相反效果并让你精力下降),关键是适度。  3. Exercise. If you know that your schedule does not allow for a visit to the gym today, find a way to move around during your day. Instead of sending an email to your coworker, walk to her desk. It may be a good idea to take the stairs today, even though you're tired. But try to visit the gym tomorrow. People who exercise get more restful sleep and often feel more energized than those who don't。  运动。如果你知道你的行程安排不允许你到健身室做运动,那想办法让你自己在一天里多动。与其是发电子邮件给你的同事,不如走到她的办公桌前。尽管你很累,但今天走走楼梯也是一个挺好的主意。但是尽量明天去健身室做做运动,经常做运动的人会比那些不常做的得到更多休息睡眠,而且感觉更有精力。  4. Drink water. "Hydration is critical," says Steven Masley, medical director of the Pritikin Longevity Center in Aventura, Florida. "If you don't hydrate, you're going to feel tired." The majority of your body is made of water; even a slight deficiency can rob you of your “oomph”!  喝水。“水是关键”,佛罗里达洲Aventura的普林逖长寿中心医学主任Steven Masley说,“如果你不喝水,你会感到疲劳”。你大部份的身体是由水分构成; 甚至一点点的缺水都会让你精力溜走。  5. Plan a vacation or a staycation. Whether you leave town for a day or a week, having something fun to look forward to will excite you and stimulate energy. Plus, if you're ing this, you could probably use a break from your day-to-day routine。  计划一次度假或在家休息。不管你是离家一天或者是一个星期,追求有趣的东西会让你兴奋并积累能量。还有,如果你正在看这篇文章,你很可能在你一天复一天的工作中得到休息。 /200909/84572

享有“玉婆”之称的伊丽莎白·泰勒被认为是影史上最优秀的女演员之一,经典作品包括《埃及艳后》和《热铁皮屋顶上的猫》,并曾经两次获得奥斯卡影后桂冠。以下摘录的是伊丽莎白泰勒最有名的20条语录。Marriage is a great institution.婚姻是一所好学校。I've only slept with men I've been married to. How many women can make that claim?我只跟和我结婚的男人上过床。有几个女人敢这么说?If someone's dumb enough to offer me a million dollars to make a picture, I'm certainly not dumb enough to turn it down.如果有人笨到要花100万美元为我拍张照片,我当然不会笨到拒绝他。Some of my best leading men have been dogs and horses.我的最佳男主角中有一些是和马。Success is a great deodorant.成功是个伟大的除臭剂。 /201108/149177

导言:人生苦短,珍惜自己拥有,做自己喜欢做的事,尽情的享受一切。人生贵在糊涂。  We all, at one time or another, have pretended to be a rock star, singing and dancing along to our favorite song. Most of us have done this in the privacy of our own room when we were kids and as adults, in the privacy of our homes. Me? I love to do that when I drive! I turn on the radio, find a song that I can sing along too and pretty soon my arms are in the air and I am moving along to the rhythm. Most of the time, I do this on my way to work.  我们每个人,在不同时期,都曾经像一个摇滚歌星那样,伴着我们最爱的那首歌又唱又跳.很多人在小时候,甚至是已长大成人,都曾在我们自己房间和家里这样的隐秘空间里这样做过。我呢?我喜欢在开车的时候这样!打开收音机,找一首会唱的歌,很快我就会张开双臂,随着节奏起舞。大部分时候,我在上班的路上这么做。  Yes, that is true. I will be in my nice work clothes, jamming while driving or stopped at a traffic light. I get weird looks from some people and others laugh. Personally, I love to get lost in the rhythm of a song which leads me to share with you the importance of being silly!  是的,那是真的。我会穿上我漂亮的工作,在堵车和遇到交通灯时,有人就会用奇怪的眼神看着我,或者笑我。对我个人而言,我喜欢沉浸在一首歌的节奏中,由此我愿和你们分享:为人糊涂贵在何处。 /201009/113506

Amazing news for lazy people; sleep makes you smarter. Not studying, ing or revising, just sleeping, although the other three won’t hurt either. A joint study conducted by Harvard Medical School and the University of Pennsylvania found that shut-eye enhances your ability to recall recently learned memories, even when those memories are challenged hours later by new information.Head researcher Dr Jeffery Ellenbogen says: “This shows us that sleep does not just passively protect memories, but rather, plays an active role in memory consolidation. Taking a stimulant to stay awake can help with alertness in the short term, but people really need sleep to retain knowledge and brain function at their best.” Scientists at Stanford University have suggested that a more supportive pillow can reduce the breathing difficulties that can interrupt your snoozing, so a clever, memory foam pillow will let you sleep soundly enough to sound clever the next day. /200901/60651

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